However, this was not true for the eye contact of the wolves. This makes sense given that eye contact can be interpreted as a sign of aggression for the wolf.
In part two of the experiment, the scientists nasally administered oxytocin to the dogs and found that the oxytocin increased the gazing behavior between the female dogs and their owners, which in turn increased the oxytocin levels in the owners. It’s not clear why the nasal oxytocin only increased the gazing behavior for the female dogs—the researchers guess it has something to do with the importance of oxytocin levels when females bond with their offspring.
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